Background and purpose: Tuberculosis is one of the most common infectious diseases in the world. The stigma that is applied by the society, and isolation of the patients due to the contagiousness of the disease, affect the mental health of tubercular patients. Patients with the primary shock of the disease diagnosis, usually experience the denial process which would result in distorted cognitive distortions about the disease. Thus, the goal of current study was evaluating and comparing of the cognitive distortions of tubercular patients and healthy people.
Materials and Methods: This was a case–control study which cognitive distortions of the tubercular patients and healthy people (hospital staff) were compared in it. Hundred persons were selected by random method for each group. Instruments that were used included the structured demographic questionnaire and cognitive distortions scale.
Results: Patients used overgeneralization and personalization cognitive distortions significantly (PV≤0.01) more than healthy people. Women patients used emotional reasoning and overgeneralization and men patients used labeling more than others.
Conclusion: The number of cognitive distortions was more in patients. Therefore, evaluation of the cognitive distortions of the tubercular patients would be important for offering accurate psychological and psychiatric services that cause improvements in the body and mental status.