Background and purpose: Tics are known to have negative effects on psychosocial performance in children and also for their family. Exercises are appropriate strategies for the prevention and management of chronic diseases. This study evaluates the effect of aerobic and anaerobic fitness on psychological function in children with tic disorder, and evaluation of their effects by questionnaires completed by their parents.
Materials and Methods: A randomized controlled trial was carried out for 12 weeks in children’s with motor tics. Children were randomly assigned into three groups: aerobic, anaerobic and Control (without exercise). To investigate the tic severity, Yale global tic severity scale was used. Parents completed Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale Child and Parent Versions in pre-test (pre-interventions) and post-test (after 12 week exercises). This study assessed the effects of aerobic, and anaerobic fitness, the effect of time (pre-test & post-test), and their interaction on psychological function.
Results: The results showed that aerobic and anaerobic fitness significantly decreased Separation Anxiety, Panic and Agoraphobia, Physical Injury Fears, Social Phobia, Obsessive-Compulsive and Generalized Anxiety (P<0.05) compared to control group.
Conclusion: In sum, aerobic and anaerobic fitness could alleviate psychological disorders in children with tic syndrome. It can be suggested parents of children with tic to force their children for performing aerobic and anaerobic fitness in order to alleviation of disorders.