Volume 3, Issue 1 (2024)                   GMJM 2024, 3(1): 13-17 | Back to browse issues page
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Dodangheh M, Mokhtari T, Mojaverrostami S, Nemati M, Zarbakhsh S, Arabkheradmand A et al . Facial Index of Tehran University of Medical Sciences’ Medical Students; an Anthropometric Study. GMJM 2024; 3 (1) :13-17
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1- Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- “Nervous System Stem Cells Research Center” and “Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine”, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran
3- Department of Surgery, Cancer Institute, Breast Cancer Research Center, Tehran, Iran
* Corresponding Author Address: Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. (hassanzadeh@tums.ac.ir)
Abstract   (499 Views)
Aims: Facial anthropometry is useful in individual identification and reconstructive surgery. In the present study, we aimed to determine the facial characteristic of the Iranian population through anthropometric study.
Materials & Methods: In a cross sectional study, 200 (100 male and 100 female) volunteer medical students (aged 20-25 years) of Tehran University of Medical Sciences were selected. The facial variables including total facial height, upper facial height and facial width were measured and accordingly the total facial index and upper facial index were calculated. The data were analyzed using statistical software (SPSS).
Findings: The mean age of subjects was 22.97±1.12 years. The mean total facial height, upper facial height, facial width, total facial index, and upper facial index were 11.155cm,  7.05cm, 11.68cm, 95.75  and 60.55, respectively. The most common types of face were hyperleptoprosopic (54%) and hyperleptene (54%). There were significant differences in total facial height (p<0.0001), upper facial height (p<0.0001), facial width (p=0.02), total facial index (p<0.0001), and upper facial index (p<0.0001) between males and females.
Conclusion: The most frequent face type is hyperleptoprosopic in Iranian population. Additionally, the values of facial characteristics are higher in males than females. So, sexual dimorphism was recorded according to the facial measurements of Iranian population which can be considered in the reconstructive surgeries.
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