Volume 3, Issue 1 (2024)                   GMJM 2024, 3(1): 37-41 | Back to browse issues page
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Baratashvili A, Javakhishvili E, Tarkhnishvili E, Kvantidze I. Effect of Carvacrol and Voluntary Exercise on Hippocampus Molecular Profile of High-Fat Dieted Male Rats. GMJM 2024; 3 (1) :37-41
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1- Georgian Center for Neuroscience Research, International Center for Intelligent Research, Tbilisi, Georgia
* Corresponding Author Address: Georgian Center for Neuroscience Research, International Center for Intelligent Research, Tbilisi, Georgia. (isabelkvantidze@gmail.com)
Abstract   (284 Views)
Aims: High-fat diet (HFD) is one risk factor in some disorders and increases oxidative stress. The use of carvacrol and voluntary exercise can be profitable. This study was thus conducted to evaluate the single and combined effects between carvacrol and voluntary exercise on gene expression in hippocampus of male rats fed with high-fat diet.
Materials & Methods: A total number of 60 adult Wistar male rats were divided into 5 groups: 1) Healthy control, 2) HFD group, 3) VE group that received HFD plus voluntary exercise, 4) Carvacrol group received HFD plus Carvacrol and 5) VE + Carvacrol group that received HFD plus Carvacrol and voluntary exercise. Gene expression of hippocampal brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), Tropomyosin receptor kinase B (Trk-B), synapsin I and Cyclic AMP-Response Element Binding protein (CREB) were investigated.
Findings: HFD significantly decreased expression of BDNF, Trk-B, synapsin I and CREB, but inclusion of carvacrol and the use of voluntary exercise could significantly increased gene expression of BDNF, Trk-B, synapsin I and CREB (p<0.05). The best responses were observed in animals fed with carvacrol in along to voluntary exercise (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Carvacrol and voluntary exercise improve gene expression of BDNF, Trk-B, synapsin I and CREB in rats fed with HFD.
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