Volume 3, Issue 2 (2024)                   GMJM 2024, 3(2): 43-46 | Back to browse issues page
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Hammoudi D, Sanyaolu A, Adofo D, Antoine I. Effect of Cigarette Smoking on Lung Capacity of Active-, Previous-, and Non-Smoker Students. GMJM 2024; 3 (2) :43-46
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1- Saint James School of Medicine, Anguilla, BWI
* Corresponding Author Address: Saint James School of Medicine, Anguilla, BWI. (sanyakunle@gmail.com)
Abstract   (882 Views)
Aims: Cigarette smoke predisposes a person to a lot of preventable diseases; this study aimed at comparing lung function in active, previous and non-smoking students.
Materials & Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 77 students from the St. James School of Medicine, Anguilla, campus in the Caribbean who were active-, previous- or non-smokers were randomly sampled. The Forced Vital Capacity to Forced Expiratory Volume ratio in one second called the Tiffeneau-Pinelli Index was used.
Findings: The mean FEV/FVC ratio for smokers was lower than that for non-smokers and ex-smokers in both tests. The FEV/FVC ratio by sex was higher in females for both tests. There were significant differences among the races with Caucasians having the lowest mean value of 86.04 and 85.88 for test 1 and 2, respectively. Higher ratio than 0.7 for smokers, ex-smokers and non-smokers was recorded for mean FEV/FVC ratio.
Conclusion: There are no differences in FEV/FVC ratio between smokers and non-smokers and ex-smokers.
 
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