Volume 3, Issue 3 (2024)                   GMJM 2024, 3(3): 1001-1010 | Back to browse issues page
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Razieh Hassanzadeh, Hakimeh Khaleghi, Zohreh Manzaritavakoli, Ali Saeidinia, Leila Namdar, Zahra Askari et al . The application of the theory of planned behavior in the choice of delivery method for first-time pregnant women in Sirjan. GMJM 2024; 3 (3) :1001-1010
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1- Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
2- School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical. Sciences, Kerman, Iran
3- Master of Library and Information Science, Kerman University of Medical. Sciences, Kerman, Iran
4- Kerman University of Medical. Sciences, Kerman, Iran
5- Medical Engineering, Shiraz University of Technology, Shiraz, Iran
Abstract   (173 Views)
Aims: Cesarean method is one of the most common surgical procedures among women in the recent years. Lack of information and negative attitudes towards natural childbirth are the most main the reasons behind the increase in pregnant women’s tendency toward the cesarean section. This study investigated the effect of educational intervention based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) on natural childbirth tendency among the primiparous women of Sirjan in 2022. Materials and Methods: This controlled interventional research with a population consisted of 140 primiparous women (n=70 women in each group) who attended the health centers in Sirjan in their 18th to 30th month of pregnancy. Multi- stage sampling method was applied to select participants. The intervention was carried out based on the TPB during four 45-60 min sessions. A questionnaire was used for data collection before and after the intervention. The SPSS22 software, Paired t-test, Independent t-test, Fisher’s exact test, and Chi-square test were used to analyze the data.
 Results: The intervention program had a positive effect on the mothers’ perceived behavioral control (P=0.046). The intervention could increase the number of people who did the natural delivery in the intervention group. There was no improvement in the individuals’ attitude (P= 0.75), subjective norms (P=0.11) and behavior (P=0.23).
Conclusion: In conclusion, the TPB can be effective in reducing elective caesarean section among women under the study. It is recommended that intervention programs are to be designed and carried out based on behavioral change theories.
 
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